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The synopsis that follows does not include every possible symptom, sign or diagnosis. If it is listed, it does not necessarily indicate that you have that condition. This brief list is meant as a guideline for helping to match conditions and possible causes. Remember to consult with your health care provider regarding concerns that you may have.
Abdominal (belly) Pains:
Nausea is the subjective feeling of a need to vomit. Indigestion is a nonspecific term that encompasses a variety of upper abdominal complaints including but not limited to nausea, vomiting, heartburn, regurgitation, and dyspepsia (upper belly discomfort or pain). Nausea and vomiting are caused by conditions within and outside the gut, as well as by certain medications or circulating toxins.
Acid stomach, indigestion, heartburn: Characterized by pain in the abdomen; a burning feeling in the chest; chest pain, particularly noticeable after eating or drinking alcohol; gas, often accompanied by belching; nausea; acid taste in the mouth or throat.
Gastroenteritis: Associated with cramping or generalized pain in the abdomen; nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, weakness, intestinal gas.
Gastritis: abdominal discomfort, pain, or cramping, pain under the breastbone; may be nausea.
Peptic Ulcer: pain in the abdomen or under the breastbone, often at night or one hour after eating, pain usually relieved by eating or vomiting; may be associated with black-appearing stools.
Irritable bowel syndrome: pain in the abdomen, cramps accompanied by diarrhea, constipation or both but rarely awakens you at night, especially after eating, relief with defecation.
Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease: cramping or pain in the abdomen, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, gas; perhaps rectal bleeding.
Hernia: sharp, steady pain in groin (inguinal hernia), lump in abdomen (umbilical hernia) when standing or straining.
Gallstones: intense, sudden pain in upper-right abdomen, especially after a fatty meal, pain may radiate to right shoulder blade, lasting several hours, followed by general abdominal tenderness, nausea and vomiting.
Pancreatitis: acute, constant abdominal pain radiating to the back and chest, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention (swelling); may have clammy skin. Diverticulitis:severe cramping pain frequently worse on the left side of the abdomen, chills, fever, nausea, history of constipation.
Kidney Stones: intense pain in the side that moves toward the groin and/or abdomen, frequent urge to urinate, blocked flow of urine, painful urination, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, blood in urine; possible fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, profuse sweating.
Urinary tract Infection: Pain low in the abdomen that is accompanied by painful (burning) and frequent urination, the constant feeling of the urge to urinate; possible blood in urine, dribbling.
Hiatal Hernia: pain radiating from below the breastbone into the neck and arms, heartburn, vomiting, belching, bloating, difficulty swallowing.
Menstrual Cramps: crampy pain in the pelvic area duringmenstruation. Emergency Conditions: intestinal obstruction, peritonitis, appendicitis, ileus (paralyzed bowel), pelvic inflammatory disease, heart attack, abdominal aortic aneurysm: extremely severe abdominal pain with or without other acute symptoms.
Aches and Pains:
Overexertion: pain and perhaps some swelling of muscles and joints in an otherwise healthy person; possible headache.
Common cold: body aches and fatigue with runny or stuffy nose, sneezing and cough, possible sore throat, headache.
Flu: achiness with runny nose, sneezing, cough, headache, sore throat, weakness, chills, and fever; maybe vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Pneumonia: achiness, cough that produces sputum with fever, chills and chest pain,
Arthritis: painful joints that may be red, warm, stiff and/or swollen, pain and stiffness worse in the morning.
Fibromyalgia: chronic widespread muscle pain; generalized sensitivity, sleep disturbance and chronic fatigue.
Lyme Disease: muscle or joint pain associated with headache, fatigue and fever month before; a circular or oval red rash up to eight inches or more in diameter with a white center may have appeared on the skin; may find a tick bite that may or may not have been noticed.
Anxiety: Anxiety, defined as a subjective sense of unease, dread, or foreboding, can indicate a primary psychiatric condition or may be a component of, or reaction to, a primary medical disease.Determine whether the anxiety antedates or postdates a medical illness or is it due to a medication side effect, or is it situational. In adults: heart palpitations, sense of impending doom, inability to concentrate, muscle tension, muscle aches, diarrhea, chest pain, dry mouth, excessive sweating, under or overeating, insomnia, irritability, breathlessness, hyperventilation, loss of sex drive (libido). For children: fear of being away from the family (separation anxiety), refusal to go to school, fear of strangers, unnecessary worry or persistent night mares..
Cancer: In its early stages cancer usually has no symptoms but as a malignant tumor grows it becomes large enough to be detected. The following symptoms may signal the presence of some forms of cancer: change in the size, color, shape or thickness of a wart, mole, or mouth sore; a sore that resists healing, persistent cough, hoarseness or sore throat, thickening or lumps in the breasts, testicles, or elsewhere, a change in bowel of bladder habits, any unusual bleeding or discharge, chronic indigestion or difficulty swallowing, persistent headaches, unexplained loss of weight or appetite, chronic bone pain, persistent fatigue, nausea or vomiting, persistent low grade fever, either constant or intermittent, repeated instances of infection.
Chest Pain: Most chest pain is caused by stomach and esophagealproblems.Heart attack:Acute and severechest pain behind the breastbone that may radiate to jaw, neck, left arm, possible sweating, shortness of breath, a feeling of indigestion, nausea vomiting, anxiety.
Blood Clot: in lung: sudden chest pain with shortness of breath, worsening of pain with deep breathing or coughing, blood streaked sputum, sweating, fainting. Angina: severe chest pain beginning at/or during exercise and subsiding after a short rest, with possible radiation of pain to other areas.
Pneumonia: chest pain with shortness of breath or chest rattle, fever, and sputum (phlegm) production, worsening pain with deep breathing or cough.
Injured muscle or rib: pain and tenderness on one side of chest after recent severe cough, injury, trauma or chest surgery.
Stress, anxiety, panicattack: pain and tightening in chest, possibly frequent deep breaths, rapid heartbeat, tingling and numbness of lips, arms or legs.
Heartburn: burning pain, usually in lower chest, that worsens on reclining, acid or sour taste in mouth, pain relieved by belching or antacids.
Diarrhea: Infectious agents cause more than 90% of cases of acute diarrhea; vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain often accompany these cases. The remaining 10% are caused by medications, toxic ingestions, and other conditions. Diarrhea lasting more than 4 weeks warrants evaluation to exclude serious underlying problems including parasite infection.
Antibiotics, antacids and others: frequent or watery bowel movements after beginning a new medication.
Emotion induced diarrhea: frequent or watery stools during times of stress and/or depression.
Irritable bowelsyndrome: recurrent stools with mucus, lower abdominal pain that worsens with eating or stress.
Malabsorption: recurrent, foul-smelling, watery stools that are pale or yellowish, flatulence (gas), stomach cramps, and weakness.
Diabetes, overactive thyroid gland or under active adrenal gland: relentless watery bowel movements, nervousness, insomnia, excessive sweating. Colorectal cancer: loose stools, possibly with visible blood.
Intestinal flu, traveler’s diarrhea, food poisoning or gastritis: sudden attack of watery frequent stools that may be bloody, nausea, fever, abdominal cramping. Colitis or Crohn’s disease: frequent watery stools, abdominal pain, weakness, lack of appetite, possible vomiting, mild fever.
Diverticulitis: watery stools that may be black, center or left abdominal pain, possible bright red blood in stools.
Facial Pain: Trigeminal neuralgia: stabbing, intense pain in lip, gum, cheek, or chin usually triggered by touch.
Sinusitis: dull pain around eyes and cheeks that worsens on bending forward, possibly thick discharge from nose, temporary loss of smell, nasal speech, headache, sore throat, fever, toothache.
Temporal Arteritis: scalp tenderness, forehead pain, swollen and enlarged temporal artery, possible mild fever and loss of vision.
Tooth abscess: continuous throbbing pain on one side of the face, loose tooth, and possible swollen glands in neck, fever.
Shingles: pain or bruised feeling on one side of body; red, blistery rash on face, ear, or throat, tingling, itching, prickly sensation of skin.
Temporomandibular joint syndrome: clicking or popping around jaw joint and pain on opening mouth, jaw pain, maybe recurrent headaches and pain radiating through face and around the neck and shoulders.
Fatigue: Anemia, jet lag, insomnia, depression, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, sleep apnea, medication side effect, obesity, deconditioning, stress, infections, flu, mononucleosis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, tuberculosis, lung cancer, hypothyroidism, diabetes, Addison’s disease, kidney disease, congestive heart failure, etc.
Fever and Chills: Drug reaction: fever after taking medication.
Heat Exhaustion: fever after several hours in intense heat or strong sun, fever in a baby dressed too warmly.
Flu: Abrupt onset of fever, possibly chills, headache, malaise, diarrhea, runny nose, dry cough, sore throat, or aches in muscles or joints.
Meningitis: fever with severe headache and stiff neck, possibly nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity, drowsiness, confusion.
Tooth abscess: fever with throbbing face pain especially when tooth is touched: possibly swollen glands in neck or face.
Children with ear infection, croup, measles etc: fever in children under 12; earache, rash, common cold symptoms.
Tonsillitis: Fever and sore throat.
Kidney infection: Fever, pain in back, painful urination.
Bronchitis: Fever with cough, chest pain and possible shortness of breath.
Fluid Retention: Depending on its cause and mechanism, edema (fluid retention) may be localized or have a generalized distribution; it is recognized in its generalized form by puffiness of the face, which is most readily apparent in the area around the eyes, and by the persistence of an indentation of the skin following pressure. Other indications may include difficulty putting on a normally well fitting shoe or ring. Edema may be present either at the beginning or the end of the day.
Fluid in ankles and/or feet (edema): painless swelling of the ankles and/or feet with no other symptoms.
Varicose veins: prominent dark blue blood vessels in the legs, ankles or feet, aching or tender legs that often swell after standing for any length of time; possibly peeling skin.
Premenstrual syndrome: in women, manifestations of fluid retention including bloating, headache, painful breasts, muscle aches, irritability, anxiety, depression, anger, fatigue, and insomnia.
Cirrhosis (scarring of the liver): fatigue and nausea followed by swelling in the abdomen and legs, abdominal pain, dark colored urine, light-colored stools, yellowish, itching skin.
Kidney disease: swelling in the hands and feet, frequent waking during the night to urinate, persistent fatigue, weight loss, elevated blood pressure.
Acute renal (kidney) failure: swelling in the feet and legs, rapid weight gain, headache, shortness of breathe, little or no urination.
Congestive heart failure (poor pumping of the heart): swelling associated with shortness of breath, fatigue, cough, swollen abdomen (belly), legs and ankles, rapid or irregular heartbeat.
High blood pressure in pregnant women (preeclampsia or toxemia): swelling in hands and face, sudden weight gain, possibly headache, blurred vision, confusion, irritability and/or stomach pain.
Flushed Face: Excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes, a natural propensity to blush, a physiological response to exertion, heatstroke, indigestion, acne rosacea, pregnancy, fever and chills.
Hair Loss: normal male pattern baldness. In women hair loss may include, thinning of hair in general, but mainly at the crown. Sudden loss of patches of hair is known as alopecia areata. In children, patches of broken hairs and incomplete hair loss, usually on the scalp but sometimes involving the eyebrows; is most likely due to rubbing or pulling out of the hair, a disorder called trichotillomania. Excessive shedding of hair may be associated with various conditions such as rapid weight loss, anemia, stress, or pregnancy and drug treatments (chemotherapy).
Headaches: Headache is usually a benign symptom, but occasionally it is the manifestation of a serious illness. The quality, location and duration of the headache and the conditions that produce, exacerbate, or relieve it should be carefully reviewed and documented in your journal.
Tension Headaches: a dull, steady pain that feels like a band tightening around your head.
Migraine: throbbing, begins on one side, and causes nausea, visual disturbances (flickering points of light may precede the headache).
Cluster Headache: a throbbing pain around one red, watery eye, with nasal congestion on the same side of the face which are also long lasting (days).
Sinus Headache: a steady pain in the area behind your face that gets worse if you bend forward and is accompanied by congestion.
Aneurysm: A severe headache accompanied by vomiting, limb weakness, double vision, slurred speech, or difficulty in swallowing.
High Blood Pressure: occurs fist thing in the morning, is persistent, brings on vomiting and eases during the day.
Meningitis: high fever, light hurts your eyes; the pain is severe and is accompanied by nausea and a stiff neck.
Depression: loss of interest in normal activities, pessimistic attitude, lack of self-esteem, lethargy, insomnia, and poor appetite.
Manic-depression: depression alternating with elation or hyperactivity. Insomnia: inability to fall asleep or stay asleep.
Premenstrual Syndrome: changes in behavior with fatigue and anxiety before a menstrual period relieved by the onset of menstruation.
Menopausal problems: change of behavior at about age 50.
Withdrawal symptoms: irritability following the stopping of caffeine, alcohol, smoking or discontinuing a medication or drug.
Stress: change in work, family or other routine activity or lifestyle.
Environmental Poisoning: dizziness, headache, fatigue, anxiety, nausea or shortness of breath not related to any other known ailment.
Seasonal Affective Disorder: depression during the winter associated with lack of ultraviolet light.
Anal fissure: bloodstains, pain and itching upon bowel movements.
Eczema: intensely itchy, dry, thickened skin that usually appears on the wrist, face, behind the knees, and in the crook of the arm; may be aggravated by food allergies, stress, and weather conditions.
Hemorrhoids: itching and a feeling of fullness around the anus, possibly accompanied by mucus or bloody discharge and some pain.
Jock itch: an itchy, ring-shaped lesion that extends from the groin to the upper thigh. May include the genitals. Aggravated by tight clothes, obesity and hot weather.
Lice: severe itching on your head or pubic areas. Sometimes small white specs resembling dandruff may be seen.
Pinworms: threadlike streaks in your stools, with itching around anus more commonly noted at night.
Shingles: Itching precedes the outbreak of painful blisters.
Diabetes, lymphoma,jaundice, and kidney failure: may also be associated with unexplained general body itch.
Boil: one or more red, pus-filled and painful nodules ranging from one-quarter to one inch in diameter on the face, buttocks, neck, or armpits-may last two weeks or sometimes longer.
Benign breast cysts: a lump or thickness that may or may not be painful and that usually is in the upper and outer region of the breast.
Hernia: a lump beneath the skin, especially in the areas of the groin and abdomen, may be tender.
Infections or lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph glands): one or more painless lumps or swellings most likely in the neck, armpits or groin.
Mononucleosis: swelling especially in the back of the neck, armpits or groin that is accompanied by fatigue, fever, and sore throat.
Mumps: a painful enlargement of the salivary glands (make saliva) accompanied by chills, headaches, tiredness and fever.
Wart: a small, flesh-colored or whitish lump with enlarged blood vessels or a firm lump that grows slowly and gradually.
Testicular lump: a painless lump in a testicle, most common in young and middle aged men; most likely a benign cyst but potentially a cancerous tumor.
Athlete’s foot: scaly, itchy, red rash between the toes.
Contact dermatitis, allergies, stress: diffuse or localized rash in a healthy person. Chickenpox (rare): itchy red rash that becomes small bumps that then crust into pimple like inflammations.
Diaper rash: red rash in a baby’s diaper area.
Heat rash: small pink pumps that itch or sting on the neck, chest or upper back.
Lyme disease: red bull’s eye rash that spreads out from the tick bite several inches.
Measles (also uncommon): red rash that starts on the face and spread down the body preceded by fever, cough and congested nose.
German measles: red rash that lasts for three days not accompanied by cough. Ringworm: scaly, round or oval patches that gradually get larger with normal skin in the center. In children, Roseola is a generalized rash that is frequently preceded by two to three days of fever in the absence of any other symptoms. Rarely but occasionally occurs in adults.
Common cold: runny nose, sore throat, and sneezing.
Postnasal drip: fullness in your face, pressure behind your eyes, and a foul smell in your nose may be sinusitis.
Bronchitis, emphysema or lung cancer: cough for a long time, coughing up colored phlegm, and/or shortness of breath.
Pneumonia: high fever (101*F or more), chills, pain in your chest, and a cough that brings up bloody phlegm.
Anxiety: feelings of tension or stress may cause profuse sweating.
Diabetes: heat intolerance, increased sweating of the upper body and decreased or absent sweating of the lower body.
Hyperhidrosis (chronicexcessive sweating): chronic sweating and clamminess especially of the hands, underarms and feet.
Heart attack: excessive sweating with chest pain that does not resolve with rest and may be accompanied by nausea, dizziness, or fainting.
AIDS, cancer, and tuberculosis: nighttime sweats, weight loss, persistent cough, fever, fatigue, and spitting up blood.
Breaking fever: sweating after high fever resolves.
Menopause: sweating also associated with hot flashes, vaginal dryness, or mood swings.
Hyperactive thyroid: excessive sweating accompanied by weight loss, increased appetite, anxiety, insomnia, and hot skin.
Adverse drug reaction: sweating when taking a prescription, herbal, over the counter or illegal drug, drinking excessively or going through withdrawal.
Caffeine or tea: shaky hands from too much coffee, colas or tea.
Side effects from medication: trembling after starting new medication.
Stress: trembling with feelings of anxiety, fear or anger.
Hypoglycemia (abnormal low blood sugar): trembling with hunger, weakness, excessive sweating nervousness and confusion.
Overactive thyroid: trembling weakness, fatigue weight loss excessive perspirations.
Essential tremor (harmless and annoying shaking): tremor in your hand, fingers, head or voice that increases with fatigue, movement or strong emotion. Chronic alcohol use: trembling between bouts of heavy drinking.
Parkinson’s Disease: trembling while not moving accompanied by slow, jerky movements unsteady walking, face without emotions.
Multiple Sclerosis: trembling with numbness, tingling, vision problems, muscle spasms or weakness.